Principles and Criteria

Overview of the FSC Principles and Criteria

Principle 1. Compliance with all applicable laws and international treaties

Principle 2. Demonstrated and uncontested, clearly defined, long–term land tenure and use rights

Principle 3. Recognition and respect of indigenous peoples’ rights

Principle 4. Maintenance or enhancement of long-term social and economic well-being of forest workers and local communities and respect of worker’s rights in compliance with International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions

Principle 5. Equitable use and sharing of benefits derived from the forest

Principle 6. Reduction of environmental impact of logging activities and maintenance of the ecological functions and integrity of the forest

Principle 7. Appropriate and continuously updated management plan

Principle 8. Appropriate monitoring and assessment activities to assess the condition of the forest, management activities and their social and environmental impacts

Principle 9. Maintenance of High Conservation Value Forests (HCVFs) defined as environmental and social values that are considered to be of outstanding significance or critical importance

Principle 10. In addition to compliance with all of the above, plantations must contribute to reduce the pressures on and promote the restoration and conservation of natural forests.